Steroids: Description of the Drug

Steroids: Description of the Drug

Steroids are a type of synthetic drug that mimic the effects of naturally occurring hormones in the body. They can be classified into two main categories: corticosteroids and anabolic-androgenic steroids.


Corticosteroids are commonly prescribed to reduce inflammation in various conditions such as asthma, arthritis, and skin disorders. They work by suppressing the immune system’s inflammatory response, thereby decreasing swelling, redness, and pain.

Common corticosteroids include prednisone, hydrocortisone, and dexamethasone.

Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids

Anabolic-androgenic steroids, on the other hand, are synthetic variations of the male sex hormone testosterone. They are often abused by athletes and bodybuilders to increase muscle mass and improve performance. However, the non-medical use of these steroids can have serious side effects on the body.

Common anabolic-androgenic steroids include testosterone, nandrolone, and stanozolol.

Side Effects

The use of steroids, especially in high doses or for prolonged periods, can lead to a range of side effects. These may include:

  • Acne
  • Mood swings
  • Weight gain
  • High blood pressure
  • Liver damage
  • Cardiovascular problems

It is important to note that steroids should only be used under the supervision of a healthcare professional and according to their prescribed dosage. Misuse of steroids can have serious consequences on one’s health.

Overall, while steroids can have legitimate medical uses in certain conditions, their abuse can lead to harmful effects. It is crucial to be informed about the risks associated with these drugs and to use them responsibly.